Archive for the ‘Animals’ Category
This series on casual video for the still photographer has mostly stuck to the basics. I’ve done that to show how easy it is to start shooting video. None of these videos have been edited either. I want to head off the excuse that some people use, that they have no time to learn a whole new editing program. Untold numbers of people shoot video with their phones. My goal is to get my fellow still photographers to create videos when the mood strikes, but to do them with intention and care.
I’ve also stayed away from stuff like time-lapse and slow-motion. These are rather faddish in my opinion, but speaking objectively, they are sub-areas of nature videography that require a specific focus. Time-lapses, for instance, are actually a series of still shots. While you do produce a video of sorts, the mood is often disjointed. Also there is no real-time, native sound. Creating a time-lapse is rather boring in practice, and it doesn’t really help you develop field video recording skills.
Of course there is nothing wrong with timelapse or any other type of video. But I believe that when you’re first getting into video, or any genre within the photography realm, it’s best to start simply. Go out and do it before you commit to creating a final (shareable) product. So many of us love what we see online so much that we just have to go off and create that very thing. Or something that looks just like it. It’s a completely understandable impulse.
Consider taking a more organic approach. See if you enjoy the process of creating it first before worrying about results. This way you’ll slowly develop your own style, eventually creating something that is uniquely yours rather than imitative. By the way, I don’t consider myself such a great artist. But I do have a firm idea of the way to get there!
I know this is the era of instant gratification, but it’s important to be patient. Learn to enjoy the process before you expect to create something you can be proud of. High expectations are fine, but don’t impose too-short a timeline. That will only cause unnecessary stress. Even a mild amount of anxiety can sabotage the creative process.
Video & Focal Length
Now let’s get to it! One of the best things about shooting video with a DSLR (or mirrorless) camera is the ability to use a variety of lenses. As I mentioned in an earlier post on the basics, when you’re starting out it’s useful to stick with a medium focal length lens. If you have a 50 mm. lens you’re in luck; it’s perfect for video. Otherwise use a medium zoom and stay 10 or 15 mm of 50. Reason is to avoid the distortion you get with wide angles, and the shakiness that can happen with long focal lengths.
Once you’re comfortable doing videos at medium focal lengths, you’ll naturally want to try different lenses. But this post isn’t about using telephotos for wildlife or wide-angles for landscapes. It’s about one of the most fun ways to shoot video: macro and close-up! In order to view these videos click on the title at top-left first, then click the play button.
By the way, I didn’t mean to cut short the video of the dung beetles below. A black rhino had suddenly appeared between my rental car and where I was lying on the ground. So I had to stop and figure out how to avoid being charged!
Macro Video ~ Tips
- Try to pick subjects that stay in one place. You can expand on this once you get some practice. Either way you should observe your subject for a time before you come up with a plan. For example in the video above I watched those beetles in Africa roll a couple dung balls from point A to point B before I followed along shooting the clip. That delay may have saved me, as I could have been regarded as a threat if I hadn’t been lying down!
- Use a tripod. Just as with macro still photography, a tripod is nearly essential. For one thing, most macro lenses have fairly long effective focal lengths. Hand-holding is hard to do without introducing jumpiness. Also, whether you use a macro lens or attachments like extension tubes or close-up filters, depth of field will be quite narrow. Provided you choose a suitable subject, you have a better chance of keeping things in focus when you’re on a tripod.
- Speaking of focus, choose a point of view and composition that makes it easier to keep the subject in focus without having to twist the focus ring. “Pulling” or “following” focus as it is called, is a skill that takes awhile to master. A subject that moves across the frame, for example, is easier to keep in focus than one that moves toward or away from you.
- Watch for repetitive or cyclical behaviour. Many times, when observing nature, you’ll notice that a critter will keep repeating its actions, or it might circle back to where it has been before. If you set up on a tripod focused in on that spot, all you need to do is watch and wait, ready to press record. For the video below the dragon flies were zipping around much too quickly for me to follow. So I simply watched one for awhile and noticed her returning to a nearby perch, spreading her wings like they do. I focused on her first, using manual focus (which is best for video). Then next time back, since she alighted in exactly the same spot, I shot the clip.
- Limit motions. By using the approach just mentioned, pointing at a spot and waiting for the critter to arrive, you’ll be forced to stay put. Insects and other small critters tend to get used to your presence more quickly than bigger animals, but it’s still helpful to keep still. Of course moving around is necessary for any good photography. But macro shooting, still or video, goes much more smoothly when movement is limited, planned out and deliberate.
- Look for subtle subjects too. Macro video isn’t just about insects. For example, flowers or other interesting macro subjects can be great targets for video when light is rapidly changing as clouds move quickly across the sky. Movements from wind can also make videos worth a try.
- Finally, don’t limit yourself to true macro. Do close-up videos with other lenses. If you have a lens that offers a “macro” setting, you may be able, depending on subject, to focus close enough to get that intimate feel of macro. Do you know the closest that each of your lenses will focus? You should. Wide-angle lenses often focus quite closely. They also enable you to hand-hold the camera with less chance of shakiness. For the video below I had to get my feet wet to move smoothly through the scene. At the end of the clip is a bonus: my little buddy Charl (RIP) watches from the bridge. No way was he getting his little feet wet!
That’s all for now. If you haven’t done so, try a macro video or two. If you have, let us know what you thought. Are there any tips I forgot? Thanks for reading and have a fantastically fun weekend!
My blog series on video for still photographers continues. It’s not been too popular, something I figured would happen because of the the nature of blogging. The blogosphere is quite biased toward still photography. Videos are very popular overall, but tend to be concentrated in other places on the web. It’s sad to say but most serious photographers still don’t think video is worth doing, I believe because they think the learning curve is too steep. But when you’re out shooting photos you’re also carrying a very good video camera around with you. So why not add movement and sound, even if the results aren’t likely to measure up to those of a pro videographer?
Last time we looked at landscape videos. Today let’s talk about critters, or animals. Specifically wildlife. Domestic animals have their own challenges. Video of wildlife is not easy. But it’s one of the few subjects that even non-video people think of shooting. The reason is that wildlife often do interesting things that are very hard to capture with still pictures. They also make fascinating sounds.
To view the videos don’t click the play button right away. First click the title at top left, then the play button.
Wild animals are generally shy and not easy to find. In modern times there is a two-edged sword. Plenty of roads and easy access make it a snap to go looking for wildlife. But the same development and population growth that gave us those roads also causes most species to decline in numbers. And the survivors normally become very shy and elusive.
A general truism is that the easiest critters to find also tend to have the fastest and most unpredictable movements. On the flip side, leaving aside rarity, if they’re very difficult to find they tend to be slow and easy to follow. Sloths come to mind. But it’s not always true that the slow ones are hard to find. It could be the animal is simply not afraid and instead looks on you as lunch, like the Komodo dragons below.
Location, Location. There are just a few main strategies that will make it easier to find wildlife. One is heading to protected areas. Parks and preserves concentrate the wildlife that we have chased out of most parts of the world. Some African parks even fence them in, which is actually to prevent them leaving the park where they can be poached. Of course the poachers just go into the park to kill, so the fences are relatively ineffective in that way. The fences do cut down on human-wildlife conflict, as well as reduce road-kill.
The Right Time. Another strategy is to go out looking when animals are most active. And I’m not just talking about dawn and dusk, when most (not all) animals are likely to be moving about. I’m also talking season. Fall is when many animals become active, and spring (or the start of wet season in Africa) is also good because many have their young and are thus forced to go out hunting, foraging or browsing to feed them. Also, the babies are irresistible.
‘Tis the Season. Seasonality also affects the ease with which you’ll be able to spot critters because of vegetation. For example going on safari in Africa during the dry season is popular because the general lack of green leafy growth on shrubs and trees of the savannah makes it easier to spot wildlife.
Some wildlife during a specific season will ignore their natural instinct to avoid humans and come right down into our towns. In late fall, the elk of several western U.S. National Parks (Rocky Mountain and Grand Tetons for e.g.) descend from higher country and congregate in gateway towns like Estes Park, Colorado.
Showing their Moves
Animals move (I know, duh). And they move apparently without warning and in unpredictable ways. But really not so unpredictable once you observe and learn about them.
Ready & Steady. Be ever ready to move the camera instantly. It’s a mindset that is applicable to still photos of critters as well. Your positioning and stance needs to be such that you can swivel or pivot easily. I liken it to when I was a kid being coached on how to take a lead in baseball. You also need a way to smooth out your motions, covered in a previous post: Video on the Move.
Observe. The most important thing in this regard is careful observation. The more you learn about a species, the better you’ll be able to predict its movements. But avoid the trap even experienced people fall into. You can know the species but not the individual. Like us, each one is different and unique, in ways that seem quite subtle to us (but presumably not them). So even if you know the species well, a little pre-shooting observation goes a long way.
If you record the voices of animals (and why wouldn’t you have sound recording turned on?), you can be sure that even the chattiest of them will choose the time after you press the record button to give you the silent treatment.
Observe some More. Same goes for sound as for video: if you have the opportunity, observe the animal for awhile before you press record. You’ll gain a sense of the periodicity or patterns inherent in the animal’s vocalizations. The keys, as it is in general nature observation and photography, is patience and timing.
Examples. At Yellowstone Park I went out in the very early morning to film the buffalo above. On a previous morning I’d seen them crossing the Lamar River and figured they were sleeping on one side and eating breakfast on the other, with a bath in between. Also the early hour meant only one other tourist, and he stayed up by the road. A shotgun mic helped to capture their voices. Below, on the Kafue River in Africa, I couldn’t get close enough to these hippos but their voices carry so well across the water that I didn’t need the shotgun mic.
That’s it for this Friday, thanks for looking. Have an excellent weekend and don’t forget to press that record button!
Addendum: Dry Run
Try is a dry run from time to time. For example you could walk out into a forest in the wee hours to hear the dawn chorus of birdsong. Try leaving your camera in the bag, at least at first. The goal is to find the best locations and to simply listen. Note when certain bird species begin and end (it’s strictly regimented), along with how long the singing lasts. If you go out several times you’ll begin to learn how the weather affects timing along with other features of bird vocalization and behaviour.
Believe it or not I did this for a job one summer. I surveyed forests in the Pacific NW proposed for logging, looking for evidence of use by endangered bird species. Since most of the areas lacked trails, I would go out during the day with some white surveyor’s tape. I’d find a good spot to observe from and then, on the way back to the road, flag a route by every so often tying a piece of surveyor’s tape around a branch.
Then in the morning, at “zero dark thirty” I returned with my flashlights (I recommend two, a headlamp and a strong hand-held) and followed the trail in. White shows up in the dark a lot better than orange. On the hike out after sunrise I’d remove the surveyor’s tape. This is, by the way, also a good way to find and shoot out-of-the-way places at dawn, your “secret” spots that are away from roads and trails.
Charl hiking in the Grand Staircase, Utah.
Diversity is a term that is used a lot these days. I like to think of it not as something we “should” strive for but something that is here and that we should enjoy and make the most of. And that goes for every aspect of our lives, including our pets.
It’s been a while since the last Two for Tuesday post. The theme is two photos that are connected in some way and together tell a simple story. I like to pair images that have contrasts as well as similarities. Variety is the spice in pets as well as life in general. All my dogs (+ one cat) have been rescues from the street or shelter, or otherwise unwanted.
I used to have a mixed breed dog named Sugar who was dominantly samoyed (those big white fluffy white huskies with a smile). She was a great hiker and loved the snow too. While I had her, I ended up with my first small dog – a boy shih tsu named Charl. While he was certainly comfortable being a lap dog, Sugar & I taught him how to hike and camp, in general to be a ‘real dog’. I learned that most shih tsus are remarkably adaptable.
Charl taught me that a small dog was very much worth having as a pet. He died a year and a half ago after a long, adventurous life. After years of only having the “little boy”, I suppose I was ready for something different. And the dog in the 2nd shot is most definitely that. We found him wandering the streets and after advertising heavily and staying in contact with the shelter, realized he wasn’t simply lost. He was apparently abandoned by his owner. He’s a purebred pitbull we named Blue.
Unlike Charl, who knew only kindness, Blue is a little head-shy and has a few scars from being beaten. But he doesn’t show it otherwise. He’s still very young and still puppified, despite his size. And he just loves people and other dogs. Fortunately he wasn’t abused enough to affect his personality at all and promises to be a fine example of the reality that the breed’s reputation is wholly undeserved. Unfortunately, in my current circumstances all I can do is foster him and find a good home.
Other than the fact that Blue is the same species as Charl was, there are other similarities plus a few differences. Blue is a big baby, more so than Charl was actually. He thinks he’s a lap dog, but it’s like having a large anvil in your lap, one who enthusiastically licks your face. He’s a much bigger handful than Charl ever was. Another big difference: Blue takes the job of guarding home and vehicle quite seriously, while Charl thought all visitors were welcome. But the two are the same where it counts: gentle and good-hearted.
Blue doesn’t leave my side and thinks I’m his owner now. Who knows? He may turn out to be right.
Blue strikes a pose.
Springtime in East Glacier, Montana
Lets continue with Glacier National Park in springtime. This post will suggest things to do if you visit the park in early season (May & June). Check out the introductory post too. I visited this beautiful park in NW Montana last month. Though much of the park was snow-free, most of the high country was inaccessible because of snow. The famous Going to the Sun Road, which crosses spectacular Logan Pass, was closed from the Avalanche trailhead & campground on the west side all the way over to the east entrance at St. Mary Lake.
Spring was in the air at lower elevations, with green meadows, flowers and busy critters. That atmosphere, combined with relatively few other visitors and all those waterfalls made the trip very worthwhile, despite Logan Pass & St. Mary Lake being closed.
Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep.
A Caveat: If you’re going to Glacier to knock some shots off your photography bucket list, you should stop reading right now and find another avenue of research. For one thing, it being early season, I wasn’t able to access ever-popular Triple Falls or St. Mary Lake (at Sun Point). So I’m not much help for these two very popular places to shoot at Glacier.
The internet features thousands of pictures from these two spots, and it seems everybody with a camera wants to (or feels they should) see and shoot them. They’re on the itinerary of every photo workshop at Glacier (they have to be, people would feel cheated if they weren’t).
That’s why, as those who’ve been reading this blog for awhile have probably already guessed, I’ve happily skipped them on all my trips to the park, even in summer or fall when they’re accessible. Besides, I don’t need to keep a group of workshop participants happy. And I don’t do bucket lists.
St. Mary Lake, East Glacier
Here are a few ideas for things to do if you come to Glacier in early season (photography suggestions follow each one):
- Rivers & lakes are plum full in spring. So it’s a great time to float the Flathead (north or middle forks) in a raft. These rivers approach Class III but are mostly mellow Class I & II. Look for outfitters based in Kalispell or Whitefish, or closer to the park at West Glacier. This is a favorite weekend activity for local residents of the Flathead Valley.
** Action shots on the river, especially if you’re able to capture people’s expressions in the great light of a lowering sun, will make you popular with companions. If you’re nervous about shooting on the water, buy a relatively inexpensive waterproof point and shoot camera. But the chances of capsizing on the Flathead, especially in a raft, are slim indeed.
Swiftcurrent Creek spills over a raucous waterfall from the lake of the same name.
- Camping lakeside is a wonderful way to spend a weekend in May or early June here. Lake McDonald is an obvious choice, but Bowman Lake, also on the west side, is more out of the way and gorgeous as well. You’ll need to drive a gravel road into Bowman, but it’s well graded for 2WD, and in early season not too washboarded. On the east side, camping (and hiking) along Two Medicine Lake is a superb choice.
** Campfire pictures (and videos) are sure winners. I’m talking people pictures, not close-ups of the fire. Help to get your group in the mood to sing and dance, then stand back with your camera on a tripod and capture both freeze-frame (higher ISO) and movement-blur shots. Or zoom in for a close portrait of someone telling a story, face to the firelight. Can you think of other ideas?
- As long as you’re camping by a lake, spring is a fantastic time to paddle, either in kayak or canoe. Morning is best to avoid any wind that may come up. And drop a line if you’re so inclined.
** Photograph canoes & kayaks in quiet, peaceful, and watery settings at sunrise, sunset, or even in the moonlight. Shots of people (fishing?) or just the empty boats can both work. Sure these can look a bit cliche, but if you’re genuinely trying to capture the mood of a peaceful paddle, these types of pictures can really shine. Of course sunset or sunrise by a lake also provides the perfect chance to shoot landscape if the light is right.
Lake Sherburne, East Glacier
- Wildlife watching & photography is great this time of year. Dusky grouse were mating when I visited in May, and the deep “thump thump thump” calls of the male permeated the forest everywhere I went. I saw moose and plenty of deer, along with bighorn sheep. Mountain goat are quite common as well, especially if you hike to one of the high rocky ridges, such as Apgar Lookout near the western entrance.
I didn’t see bears this time, but they are mostly out from hibernation at this time of year. Note: there are plenty of grizzlies in this park, so travel in groups if possible and make noise when you’re hiking (especially if alone) in areas where you can’t see far (no bells, loud talking instead). Discretion is the better part of valor: shoot grizzlies from a distance!
** You have to be patient to get pictures of dusky grouse, but the males (like males of any species, including us) are easier to approach when they’re displaying and their minds are elsewhere. The real challenge is to get a shot of a female!
** Bighorn sheep are fairly easy in most areas of Glacier because they are habituated to humans. But in order to observe more natural behaviors, and to get close to young ones, you need some patience. For both sheep and goats, if the terrain and your abilities allow, climb above them at a fair distance and circle around. Then descend slowly, approaching from above. That tends to keep them much more relaxed than if you were to approach from below, where most of their danger comes from.
Dusky grouse displaying his inflatable neck sac, the sound a deep thump-thump.
Next time I’ll cover hiking at Glacier. It might have to wait until a follow-up trip in a few weeks, after which I’ll be able to recommend not only good trails for spring, but perfect hikes for summer as well. Happy traveling!
Spring flowers bloom above Flathead Lake, Montana.
If you want to see desert bighorn sheep, you can’t do much better than east Zion National Park in Utah. Not the canyon itself so much; that can be a zoo in the warmer months. If you travel east, through a couple spectacular tunnels, you come out in a wonderland of sandstone monoliths. The bighorn sheep here are doing quite well.
I drove through my favorite part of Zion a couple days ago, stopping to take a short hike. I saw two sheep browsing the spring growth and slowly pursued them, hoping they’d get comfortable with me. They crossed the road and I crossed behind them. Then I saw the babies & another female.
Mom was understandably shy about letting me get close to them, so I just watched as they climbed the steep sandstone. Mom reached a viewpoint, but the kids were more careful. They took their time, making sure each step was placed right.
Now they were very visible from the road and a few other cars stopped. But since I had been with them for awhile, I ended up with a nice series, not just the one with them surveying their domain. Stories and behavior are what I always hope for with wildlife. I used my newish 600 mm. lens. Enjoy!
Wait up mom, we’re coming!
Try and reach us now, haha!